The glass tube is sealed at both sides and contains handful of

  • One on the oldest and quite a few widespread processes for enhanced oil recovery is well flooding by injecting water downhole uv light ballast . Water is injected in to the reservoir to pressurize and displace hydrocarbons to your producing wells. Injection water and this is used in water-storage operations in offshore and remote locations.

    The injection water quality is vital to EOR success, because the displaced oil must flow through porous rock structures. Treatment of water for injection is multi-stage, with filtration to get rid of solids and de-aeration or oxygen stripping to relieve the oxygen content. Ultraviolet (UV) light used to be a penultimate stage makes sure that the water sent downhole is provided for free from microbial contamination without using chemicals that could affect flood performance.

    The fluorescent lamp is often a form of low-pressure mercury discharge lamp. It usually takes the type of a long glass tube coated on its inner surface using a fluorescent powder or phosphor. At each end with the tube is often a lamp cathode. The cathode is made coiled tungsten heater coated with special oxides of barium and strontium, which emit electrons when heated. Attached to each cathode are two protective plates which steer clear of the destruction with the heater coil with the bombardment of positive ions over the discharge. The glass tube is sealed at each side and contains a modest amount of mercury with an inert gas at low pressure.

    UV energy from 250 nm to 420 nm is normally most effective within the curing of fiber optic coatings. UV lamps produce considerable amounts of energy in extraneous wavelengths outside this range, that do not contribute to the curing process, and so are wasted energy. UV lamps will also be inherently inefficient in converting power into UV light, requiring significant electrical consumption to produce sufficient light energy to treat at speeds that has reached over 3000m/min 800W uv lamp ballast . Each UV lamp utilised in a fiber curing tower can make use of as much as 6kW of electrical energy.